Constellation Libra History according to Ancient Romans
The Romans referred to Libra as Jugum, meaning the "Yoke," the "Beam" or the "Balance." The people believed that the city of Rome was founded when the Moon was in the constellation of Libra and that this grouping of stars represented the balance and moderation present in Roman society. They did not associate Libra with the deadly Scorpion, but instead with the gentle constellation of Virgo.
A comet which appeared in Libra in 43 B.C. was once thought to be as a result of Julius Caesar's assassination, being utilized by the Emperor Augustus to carry Caesar's soul to heaven. It is likely that this same comet has since appeared in 531 A.D., 1106 A.D., 1680 A.D. and is predicted to return in the Year 2255.
Constellation Libra History according to Greeks
Greeks once mingled the stars of Libra with those of Scorpio and the presence of the Scales was not recorded again until they were mysteriously reinvented by the astrologers of Rome, and may actually be of Mesopotamian origin.
Other History of Constellation Libra
Early Christians maintained that Libra represented the Apostle Philip and it is also an emblem of the Archangel Michael. The Hebrews called it Moznayim, a Scale-beam said to be featured on the banners of the Asher Tribe.
To the Ancient Chinese, Libra was Show Sing, the "Star of Longevity," but later generations changed the name to Tien Ching, which means the "Celestial Balance." The sacred books of India refer to this constellation as Tula or "Balance," where it is depicted in illustrations as a man bent on one knee holding the Scales aloft.
To the Ancient Egyptians, Libra was sometimes viewed more in the form of a feather than a pair of scales. It has also been referred to as the "Golden Chariot of Pluto."